Turing Network Test L.L.C. is registered with both the state of Arizona and the federal IRS
Turing Network Test L.L.C. was founded in 2014 to actuate state-of-art network technologies in the field of non-satellite real-time high-speed broadband wireless ad-hoc networks (mobile ad-hoc networks, mesh networks, wireless sensor networks) which are comprised of hundreds of or even thousands of unmanned smart computational nodes.

We provide real-time vehicular better-than-5G surrogate system, a complete bundle of broadband communication equipments to build surface-based non-satellite real-time vehicular broadband network at anywhere and anytime. Here the term "vehicle" refers to surface vehicles such as automobiles, boats, ships, as well as aerial vehicles such as UAVs, airplanes, helicopters, etc. These vehicles act as networked robots if equipped with our system.

The Problem Overview

Nowadays broadband communication for vehicles is mainly provided by cellular data service. Unfortunately, even the most prevalent cellular data service provider cannot cover the vast land of the United States. The following coverage map of Verizon Wireless, the cellular data service provider claims to have highest network quality in terms of coverage area which is about 400,000 square miles more than the nearest competitor, shows that there are lots of empty "holes"/"bubbles" which correspond to uncovered areas. For instance, there are hundreds of miles of the expected Trump's Wall uncovered by any cellular data service. The US Department of Homeland Security has to resort to broadband satellite communication to set up data networks in those regions. The cellular data service providers cannot serve broadband vehicular networks in these "holes"/"bubbles" (uncovered areas). Fortunately, our broadband system can mend the "holes" with very low cost.

Verizon Wireless coverage map

Caveats: The coverage map refers to a weblink in the website of Verizon Wireless.
Verizon Wireless owns the full copyright of the map.

In regard to remotely-controlled robots (e.g., vehicules under autonomous driving), it is inappropriate to use satellite communication because of its super-long propagation delay. The diagram below shows the reason why there is no satellite communication system can achieve one-way delay in less than 2 milli-seconds and round-trip time (RTT or ping delay) in less than 4 milli-seconds. Due to different traffic conditions, satellite communication may be appropriate in controlling military UAVs, but is dangerously slow in controlling automobiles on the ground roads.

Why not satellite communication? Too much delay

Why not satellite communication for vehicular robots? Too much delay

On the contrary, our non-satellite better-than-5G surrogate system features direct communication path with less than 0.1 milli-second propagation delay. We enable a communication solution that can control surface vehicles in less than 2 milli-seconds network delay (the current RTT/ping delay of our system is as fast as 1 milli-second), thus make autonomous driving safer.

typical 5G vs. RRTransformer's better-than-5G
Throughput bit rate Typical 5G metric Typical RRTransformer better-than-5G metric
at 20 meter 1Gbps 200Mbps
at 500 meter 100Mbps 100Mbps
at 1km 0 (broken link) 50Mbps
at 14km 0 (broken link) 8Mbps

The Solution Overview

We provide broadband communication service to surface vehicles (automobiles, boats, ships) as well as aerial vehicles (UAVs, airplanes, helicopters) at anywhere anytime with the following patented products:
  • real-time 5G surrogate base staion: Tetherless & wireless unmanned ground fixed stations running completely on green power (solar and wind), without the need of utility power lines and wired fiber optical cables. With a 10-sqft ground lot and a less-than-$5000 one-time low-cost installation fee, every tetherless fixed station can cover up to 50 miles in radius and provide up to 1Gbps wireless linkspeed. All you need to do is to replace the off-the-grid battery every 5 years, solar panel every 15 years and wind turbine every 20 years.
  • real-time 5G surrogate vehicular router units that can provide moving vehicles at 8km to 30km distance with 10Mbps to 200Mbps broadband link speed, or at shorter distance with Gbps link speed.
  • AI-assisted remote robots that can do automated operations when human is not in the control loop, or are remotely controlled by human-in-the-loop through the broadband network service we have provided. Currently our deep-learning AI modules are based on Caffe and OpenCV.
Accordingly, our product lines are classified into 3 major categories: long-distance wireless broadband networks; tetherless greenpower ground fixed-stations (anywhere anytime without power cables and telecom cables); and AI-assisted remote robots.

Category 1: Long-distance wireless broadband networks:

We own a patented FCC-compliant unique beam-forming vehicular communication technology (RRTransformer) to implement high-speed broadband wireless links for fast-moving vehicles at long-distance. Our technology is applicable to any omni-directional and imprecise directional communication devices to achieve optimal communication performance:
  • Real-time capability. Compared to Elon Musk's futuristic Starlink (LEO satellite based broadband networks) which will cause at least 2 milli-seconds of one-way propagation latency, our broadband networks feature minimal propagation latency measured in micro-seconds. Given the fact that Starlink's one-way propagation latency is at least 20-times larger than ours, Starlink fails but we can deliver real-time robot operations, because the round-trip latency from the controller to the remote robot then back to the controller must be less than 10 milli-seconds in real-time applications.
  • Increasing single-hop transmission range by 50% to 1000%. For example, for WiFi or WiMax devices, we increase DJI Lightbridge's omni-directional 1.7km transmission range to 17km with the same MBps broadband bandwidth settings under the FCC 36dBm EIRP restrictions for moving vehicles.
  • Decreasing signal error rate by 50% or more. As our beam-forming technologies concentrate signal radiation energy towards a narrow region, the signal-to-noise ratio is much improved, so that the receiver experiences a significantly decreased error rate.
  • Reducing probability of signal detection by an order of magnitude. Our beam-forming technologies also achieve low-probability interception (LPI) by an order of magnitude, e.g., an order comparable to 36:1.
For instance, compared to 10Mbps-rate 3km-range omni-directional broadband devices, now we have counterpart products that can deliver 10Mbps-rate to 10+km-range for small vehicles such as moving boats, 20+km-range for large vehicles such as moving ships. An amateur/HAM radio fan may consider RRTransformer as a "broadband version of long-distance HAM radio for vehicles" because the technical parameters including the transmission range and line-of-sight requirement are very similar to a 25-Watt HAM radio mounted on cars, except we can deliver 10Mpbs broadband data rate for a moving vehicle while HAM radios can only deliver 1200bps in most cases.
With the help of this enabling technology, video+audio data collected on drones are fed back at real time to human-in-the-loop control center to support avant-garde applications such as unmanned navigation/driving. The very same technology can also provide long-distance wireless Internet for ships, boats, yachts along the coastline.
First: VHF/UHF radio links

then: Broadband radio links

Caveats: In a non-FCC-regulated location, for example, in the middle of
the Pacific ocean with no nearby inhabited islands, we can increase the transmission
range from 25km to 60km simply by increasing the radio transmission power.

Category 2: Tetherless green-power ground fixed stations:

We use a combo of 100-watt solar power panel and 300-watt wind turbine to establish our broadband network ground fixed stations at anytime and anywhere, for example, on boats, buoys, mountain tops, high desert lands. In our southern California lab, our average tetherless fixed-stations are fully functional 95% of the time (i.e., ~346 days annually) merely on solar power and wind power, without consuming any power from Southern California Edison or Arizona Public Service Electric.

Category 3: AI-assisted robotic systems deployed at remote sites are controlled by human-in-the-loop via broadband wireless networks

Unmanned operation Sample scenario 1

(Left: Unmanned mechatronics) The diagram shows that smart mechatronic systems on an off-shore unmanned platform are controlled by on-shore human operators across long-distance links via high-speed wireless communication.

(Right: Unmanned navigation/unmanned driving) The diagram shows that a unmanned surface vehicle (USV) goes around a charted water region while it is operated by human operators (not on board) using real-time on-board video+audio feedbacks via high-speed directional wireless communication. At each position, the USV points its RRTransformer directional antenna towards the nearest on-shore fixed station. The depicted fixed stations are tetherless stations which do not need utility power lines and optic fiber cables. High-definition video+audio capture devices installed on board enable the human operator to see and hear the surroundings of the USV, thus fulfill a safe unmanned navigation. Nowadays we are the only manufacturer in the world to deliver long-haul broadband link service at 10+km distance for boats and at 20+km distance for ships. In addition, every vehicle can function as a wireless ad-hoc router to form a long-haul broadband ad-hoc network covering up to 300 kilometer in diameter or a 70,000 square kilometer water surface area. Likewise, the solution is also applicable to terrestrial scenarios on land.


We are the only manufacturer in the world who can deliver non-satellite real-time surface broadband MBps IP network service to moving vehicles over 25km long-haul distance compliant to FCC regulations. Over such long distance, all other surface-based competitors can only legally deliver MBps broadband IP services to stationary entities, or Kbps slow rate services to moving vehicles.
If you need high-speed anywhere-anytime IP network service, for example, 10Mbps broadband links to deliver HD video amongst your automated driving vehicles, or broadband Internet connection for banquet party on your yacht, here is the right place.

Tetherless & Wireless Full-fledged Fixed Station Router

This unmanned broadband fixed station is built on top of our "install-and-forget" technology. It features a 10-sqft ground lot and a less-than-$5000 one-time installation cost. Then it will be self-regulated and self-maintained. Our customers only need to replace the off-the-grid battery every 5 years, the solar panel every 15 years, and the wind turbine every 20 years.

The fixed station is a full-fledged ad hoc router that supports RIP, OSPF and OLSR routing protocols.
Tetherless fixed-station         Tetherless fixed-station

(Left) A tetherless green-powered fixed station in southern California
(Right) A tetherless green-powered fixed station in Arizona


RRTransformer, or Radio-Rate-Transformer, is an FCC-compliant vehicular communication system that features:
  • high-speed broadband communication: RRTransformer systems can deliver ~10Mbps broadband data speed at 10 kilometers distance (for RRTransformer10+km system) or 20 kilometers distance (for RRTransformer20+km system);
  • portability: RRTransformer can be mounted on any vehicle bigger than toy vehicles.
    • RRTransformer10+km (without external radome cover) is 19in x 7in x 10in (0.5m x 0.18m x 0.3m) in Length x Width x Height dimension, 13lb (6kg) in weight.
    • RRTransformer20+km (without external radome cover) is 32in x 9in x 13in (0.85m x 0.25m x 0.35m) in Length x Width x Height dimension, 22lb (10kg) in weight.
  • multi-hop wireless routing: RRTransformer systems are designed for TCP/IP networks running multi-hop routing protocols. Currently the default routing protocol is RIP, which can be replaced by OSPF, OLSR or B.A.T.M.A.N. upon customer's request. Our network system can cover a large geographical region with up to 300 kilometers in diameter via purely wireless routes, before integrated into the Internet.

Price tags:
(All of our products are manufactured in USA, currently in the state of California)

  • RRTransformer10+km price is US$5,900 (rain-proof only, without maritime radome), US$7,900 (with 24-in maritime radome).
  • RRTransformer20+km price is US$12,900 (rain-proof only, without maritime radome), US$15,900 (with 38-in maritime radome).
To place order, please see the Ebay page. Note that every RRTransformer device is an FCC 47§15.103(h) device with a separately packaged FCC-certified radio transceiver. The user can easily install the separated radio transceiver to the pre-allocated space reserved on the RRTransformer device.

Pictures of an RRTransformer10+km system inside a 24-in radome:
RRTransformer in radome RRTransformer radome

Demo videos:

RRTransformers versus KVH TracPhone V-IP series
  TracPhone V3-IP
Device Model KVH TracPhone V11-IP KVH TracPhone V7-IP KVH TracPhone V3-IP RRTransformer20+km RRTransformer10+km RRTransformerlightweight 10+km RRTransformer-foolproof
Service Provider mini-VSAT Broadband Service IEEE 802.11 standard
PCF & DCF scheme
Service KVH mini-VSAT Broadband Airtime Surface Wireless Ad-hoc Network
Antenna Type Dual-mode C/Ku-band Ku-band 802.11a & 802.11g bands
Belowdecks Equipment Integrated CommBox Modem (ICM) Gigabit Ethernet & Layer-3 Switch
Service Coverage Area Global except Arctic Regions Seamless Worldwide Regions 20km offshore per hop;
300km offshore multi-hop
10km offshore per hop;
150km offshore multi-hop
7km per hop
Maximum Download Speed 4 Mbps 3 Mbps 2 Mbps 10 Mbps per pair of devices,
up to 150 Mbps per pair of sites
Maximum Upload Speed 1 Mbps 512 Kbps 128 Kbps 10 Mbps per pair of devices,
up to 150 Mbps per pair of sites
Billing Method Metered (M) US$1.99/MB,
Open (OP): monthly fee ≥ US$799,
Fixed (FX): monthly fee ≥ US$1199

Metered (M) US$1.99/MB

(installation cost only; unlimited free traffic)

Typical Cost per Minute for Voice (see rate sheet) Starting at $0.05 USD (speed-based plans) Starting at $0.05 USD (speed-based plans) $0.49 USD (metered plans)

$0.49 USD

(unlimited free traffic)
Antenna Dish Diameter 1.1 m (42.5") 60 cm (24") 36.8 cm (14.5") 70 cm (29.5") 36.7 cm (14.5") 34 cm (13") 34 cm (13")
Antenna Unit Diameter x Height/Weight 1.2 m (D) x 1.4 m (h) / 109 kg (48.8" (D) x 57.3" (h) / 240 lbs) 66.3 cm (D) x 79.2 cm (h) / 26.1 kg(26.1" (D) x 31.2" (h) / 57.6 lbs) 39.4 cm (D) x 44.7 cm (h) / 11.3 kg (15.5" (D) x 17.6" (h) / 25 lbs) 72 cm (D) x 20 cm (h) / 10 kg
28 in (D) x 8 in (h) / 10 kg w/o cover

81 cm (D) x 30 cm (h) / 15 kg
32 in (D) x 12 in (h) / 15 kg in DISHBlend radome cover
43 cm (D) x 16.5 cm (h) / 5 kg
17 in (D) x 6.5 in (h) / 5 kg w/o cover

60 cm (D) x 23 cm (h) / 8 kg
23 in (D) x 9 in (h) / 8 kg in Raytheon M92652 radome cover
34 cm (L) x 20cm (W) x 13 cm (h) / 2.8 kg
34 cm (L) x 25cm (W) x 25 cm (h) / 3 kg
Price US$ 61,000 US$ 31,500 US$ 14,000 US$ 12,900 per unit US$ 5,900 per unit US$ 4,900 per unit
Primary Market Consumer users. Enterprise users with landbased Internet gateway.
Man on-board vehicles with local human operations
Unmanned vehicles under human-in-the-loop remote control with high-definition video+audio feeds at real time, for instance, in a vehicular swarm robotics scenario For mobile vehicles to connect to fixed base stations, there is little need of calibration and user configuration.

Another similar system, Kongsberg's MBR claims to have a non-publicly-priced directional MBR 189 system.
  • MBR 189 is illegal in USA because its transmission power (36dBm Tx + 24dBi Antenna = 60dBm EIRP) is several times exceeding the max limit allowed by FCC even for stationary transmitters (30dBm Tx + 23dBi Antenna = 53dBm EIRP), let alone mobile transmitters (30dBm Tx + 6dBi Antenna = 36dBm EIRP).
  • Unlike RRTransformer and MBR 189 using directional antennas, MBR 179 and MBR 169 claim to use omni-directional antennas.
    • The technical parameters, in particular the transmission range and link bitrate, are false claims. A digital radio expert can confirm the fallacy in MBR 179's datasheet (so-called 45km operational range) and MBR 169's datasheet (so-called 35km operational range).
    • In addition, MBR 179 is illegal in USA because its transmission power (36dBm Tx + 21dBi Antenna = 57dBm EIRP) is several times exceeding the max limit allowed by FCC (30dBm Tx + 23dBi Antenna = 53dBm EIRP).
RRTransformers versus Kongsberg MBR series
  Kongsberg Turing Network Test L.L.C.
Device Model MBR 189 MBR 179 MBR 169 RRTransformer
Transmission power before antenna =4 Watts (36dBm),
illegal in USA
=1 Watt (30dBm), FCC-compliant ≤ 1 Watt (30dBm), FCC-compliant
Transmission power EIRP =60dBm,
illegal in USA
illegal in USA
=51dBm, FCC-compliant for fixed scenarios, illegal for moving vehicles ≤ 53dBm for fixed scenarios, ≤ 36dBm for moving vehicles, both are FCC-compliant
Antenna Type MBR Document Page claims to be directional MBR Document Page claims to be omni-directional Sector directional
Anti-shaking Capability (Tolerance of underlying vehicle's motions) Unknown
  • Yaw-axis: full 360 degrees at angular speed of 1 radian/second (60 degrees/second)
  • Pitch-axis & Roll-axis: ± 45 degrees instantly (at infinite angular speed)
Primary Market Large vessels with crews Unmanned vehicles under human-in-the-loop remote control with high-definition video+audio feeds at real time, for instance, in a vehicular swarm robotics scenario

You may contact Turing Network Test L.L.C. via: We do seek business partnership with legal persons working in the fields of automated maritime navigation, ad hoc networking (including MANET, mesh networks, wireless sensor networks, underwater sensor networks), and surface vehicular C4 (computer, communication. command & control). However, solicitations not related to these fields are not welcome and forbidden by the law.